An Agreement Providing A Dual System Of Congressional Representation

Regardless of the view on the fairness of the distribution of Grand Compromise delegates to the Senate, that is unlikely to change any day. Indeed, representation in the Senate is expressly protected by the Constitution. 7 Creation of the Constitution – Creation of the Constitution – New Jersey Plan – June 15 – William Patterson – government similar to articles of Confederation – Unicameral- same representation – Congress could set taxes and regulate trade Gary L. Gregg II, a political scientist at the University of Louisville in Kentucky, argues in a 2012 article in Politico that large metropolitan areas already have power by hosting large media , donor, scientific and government centres. The structure of the Senate and the corresponding representation in the Electoral College, he says, ensure that the interests of rural and urban America are preserved. Until July 16, the Convention had already set the minimum age for senators at 30 and the term at six, compared to 25 years for members of the House of Representatives for a two-year term. James Madison explained that these distinctions, based on “the nature of the confidence of senators, which requires a greater degree of information and character stability,” would allow the Senate to continue “with more freshness, with more system and with more wisdom than the popular branch [ly] chosen.” Under Article V of the Constitution, no state can lose its equal representation in the Senate without state approval. And no state will willingly relinquish its right to review the Senate. The debate almost destroyed the US-Constitution. At the constitutional convention of 1787, delegates from the major states believed that the representation of each state in the proposed new Senate should be proportional to the population.

In the second council – the Senate – each state would have two representatives, regardless of the size of the state, and the state legislatures would elect senators. (In 1913, the seventeenth amendment was passed, which optimized the Senate system for senators to be elected by the people.) To balance the interests of small and large states, constitutional advocates have divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Each state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of the population of each state. The system ensures that the power supply is distributed geographically. Some scholars criticize the bias in the Senate in small states. Regulation means that the power in the Senate is distributed geographically, if not by population, to ensure that interests are represented across the country. The principle of protecting small states by equal representation in the Senate is passed on to the electoral college that elects the president, since the number of votes for each state is based on the total number of state representatives in the House of Representatives and the Senate. 8 Creation of the Constitution – Creation of the Constitution – The Great Compromise lasted 6 weeks – Roger Sherman of Connecticut and his committee came up with the answer – 2 Houses (Bicameral) – Senate- Same Representation – Representation of the Population – Also known as the Connecticut Compromise In the weeks leading up to July 16, 1787, the Framer had made several important decisions on the structure of the Senate. They rejected a proposal to elect senators to the House of Representatives from the lists submitted by national parliaments and agreed that these legislators should elect their own senators.

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